What is Phishing? It is the process of fraudulently getting sensitive and confidential information, such as the usernames, passwords, and credit card. This information is often used by phishers by disguising as a reliable source and information are often used for malicious reasons, such as financial frauds.
Types of Phishing
- Spear Phishing: Performed through email messages.
- Website Phishing: Performed through fake websites that appear similar to genuine websites.
- Pop-up Phishing: Performed through pop-up windows.
- Pharming: A technique that redirects you to fake websites even when you provide the correct website address.
- Vishing: Performed through fake and fraudulent telephone calls.
How does phishing work?
Phishing is usually done through email spoofing or instant messaging. These emails and messages will have hyperlinks that often directs the users to enter sensitive and confidential information on a fake website, which may appear and function the same way as the genuine or legitimate one.
How to Prevent Phishing?
- Install anti-phishing software: Ensure that a reputed antivirus software, or Internet Security Suite that has anti-phishing software as an add-on, is installed. The add-on will usually be available as a toolbar.
- Use a reputed web browser: Ensure that you use a reputed web browser, such as the Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox, because these browsers will have phishing detection capabilities.
- Beware of attachments and SMS from unknown sources: Do not click hyperlinks or open attachments received through unsolicited email messages or SMS. Verify the authenticity of the email attachments before downloading and opening them because a malicious software will compromise the security of your digital device.
- Never share confidential information: Do not share confidential information with anyone through any medium, including email messages and telephone calls.
The anti-phishing software is usually a program that has capabilities to detect phishing-related threats in websites and e-mail messages, and thereby protect you against frauds. In most cases, the software is integrated with the web browser and email clients in the form of a toolbar that correctly displays the name of the website you are visiting. This toolbar enables you to identify the fraudulent websites that disguise as genuine websites. Usually, the anti-phishing software is bundled with an antivirus software or Internet security suite.