Have your digital devices, such as the computer or smartphone even been hacked? Even if they have been hacked, you may not always be able to identify it until you are affected. So, what is hacking and who does it? Let us check out.
Hacking is performed by hackers, who are highly skilled computer experts. Hacking is unauthorized intrusion by hackers into your digital devices or network by breaching the security defenses and exploiting the weaknesses.
Types of Hackers
Hackers are generally of three types, white hat, grey hat and black hat.
White hat hacker is an ethical hacker who help protecting digital devices and network from intrusions and attacks by identifying the bugs and vulnerabilities to the owner.
Black hat hacker focus on intruding and compromising digital devices and network with malicious intent. The black hat hackers are cyber criminals focus on personal monetary gains.
Grey hat hacker is in between both white and black hat hackers, they try to sell their hacking skills by hacking sites and report to the owners for some monetary benefits.
The primary focus of black hat hackers are listed here:
- Infect your digital devices with malware, such as trojans and viruses
- Breach security systems, such as the Firewall and antivirus to steal or destroy data
- Compromise intellectual property
- Steal identities for committing fraud
How to prevent hacking?
There are various ways to protect your digital devices and data from hacking. Some of the measures are listed here:
Use Internet security suite: Install a reputed Internet security suite software so that any attempts initiated by hackers to compromise your data are proactively identified and blocked.
Use multiple passwords: Use different passwords to log on to different websites. For example, the password to access your email account should not be the same one that is used to access your bank account.
Use complex passwords: A complex password is usually longer than 8 characters and is a mix of alphanumeric characters and special characters.
Encrypt information: Wherever applicable, encrypt the confidential information in your digital devices.
Use secure websites: Ensure that all confidential transactions, such as financial, are performed through secured websites. For example, secured websites will have a lock icon and will use https in the URL available in the address bar of the browser.
When we discuss about hacking we should ignore ethical hacking. Ethical hacking is an act of identifying the vulnerabilities in a computer/network system by legal way. This is being performed on behalf of the owner by trained professional called ethical hacker in order to find the weakness and vulnerabilities in the system. Also it helps organization to strengthen their system and protect for any possible future cyber attack or intrusion into their system.
There are various training and certification programs available in the market in order to get trained in ethical hacking skills. Ethical hacker has lot of scope in the job market due to the increase in the cyber security threat day by day that demands technology companies to look and hire trained professionals.